The Simmental is among the oldest and most widely distributed of all breeds
of cattle in the world. Although the first herd book was established in the Swiss Canton of Berne in 1806, there is evidence
of large, productive red and white cattle found much earlier in ecclesiastical and secular property records of western Switzerland.
These red and white animals were highly sought because of their "rapid growth development; outstanding production of milk,
butter, and cheese; and for their use as draught animals." they were known for their imposing stature and excellent dairy
As early as 1785, the Swiss Parliament limited exports because of a shortage of cattle to meet their own needs. The Swiss
"Red and White Spotted Simmental Cattle Association" was formed in 1890.
Since its origin in Switzerland, the breed has spread to all six continents. Total numbers are estimated between 40 and
60 million Simmental cattle world-wide. More than half of these are in Europe. The spread was gradual until the late 1960s.
Records show that a few animals were exported to Italy as early as the 1400s. During the 19th century, Simmental were distributed
through most of Eastern Europe, the Balkans, and Russia, ultimately reaching South Africa in 1895. Guatemala imported the
first Simmental into the Western Hemisphere in 1897, with Brazil following suite in 1918 and Argentina in 1922.
There are reports from a variety of sources indicating that Simmental cattle arrived in the United States before the turn
of the century. Simmental were reported as early as 1887 in Illinois, according to one source; in 1895 in New Jersey; and
in both New York and New Mexico around the 1916 to 1920 period. An ad in an 1896 issue of the Breeder's Gazette, published
in Chicago, also made reference to "Simmenthal" cattle. However, those early imports did not capture the attention of the
American cattleman and the Simmental influence died quietly away until the late 1960s.
The breed made its most recent appearance in North America when a Canadian, named Travers Smith, imported the famed bull
"Parisien" from France in 1967. Semen was introduced into the United States that same year, with the first half-blood Simmental
calf born in February of 1968. The American Simmental Association was formed in October of 1968. Simmental spread to Great
Britain, Ireland, and Norway in 1970 and to Sweden and other Northern European countries shortly thereafter. The first purebred
bull imported into the United States in 1971 and Australia received Simmental semen and live animals in 1972. The World Simmental
Federation was formed in 1974. In 1976 Simmental cattle were shipped to the Peoples' Republic of China.
The breed is known by a variety of names, including "Fleckvieh" in Germany, Austria and Switzerland as well as many other
European countries."Pie Rouge", "Montbeliard", and "Abondance" in France; and "Pezzata Rossa" in Italy. The Simmental name
is derived from their original location, the Simme Valley of Switzerland. In German, Thal or Tal means valley, thus the name
literally means "Simme Valley".
The amazing growth of Simmental cattle in North America is really a reflection of what has already occurred in most agricultural
countries of the world. Presently, the American Simmental Association registered about 80,000 cattle annually into the Simmental
and Simbrah herdbooks. The Association ranks among the top four of the U.S. beef breed associations in annual registrations.